Rail travel in the United Kingdom
National Rail franchisees Operation Network Rail operators who are self-employed State-owned enterprises
In 2016, 1. 718 billion travels were made on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom, making it the fifth most used in the world (the United Kingdom ranks 23rd in terms of population). Unlike in many other nations, train travel in the UK has had a revival in recent years, with passenger numbers approaching an all-time high (see usage figures below) This has coincided with British Rail's privatization, but the reason for the increase is unknown. The increase can be ascribed to a shift away from private cars as a result of increasing road congestion and rising gasoline prices, as well as an overall increase in travel as a result of prosperity. Over the period 1997–98 to 2014, passenger travels in the United Kingdom increased by 88 percent, compared to 62 percent in Germany, 41 percent in France, and 16 percent in Spain.
The cost of transportation
In order for community rail to effectively decrease barriers, the train sector must address the issue of cost for poor or marginalized populations. For disadvantaged populations, the cost of transportation and travel is critical to building fairer societies through more equal access to opportunities, particularly in the areas of work, education, and training. Train operating firms will be encouraged to collaborate with community rail organizations to identify local solutions, such as creative ticketing options that make the railway more accessible to these groups. We'll also make it a requirement for train operators to report on their progress in this area in their annual community rail report.
Northern Powerhouse Rail
Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne suggested a high-speed rail link between Liverpool and Newcastle/Sheffield/Hull in June 2014, dubbed Northern Powerhouse Rail (also known as High Speed 3 or High Speed North). The line would use the existing route between Liverpool and Newcastle/Hull, as well as a new route from Manchester Victoria to Sheffield, which would include extra tunnels and other infrastructure.