History of tramway

History of tramway
History of tramway

Trams and their history

Trams, streetcars, the old railway line, and trolleys have a long history dating back to the early 1800s. Trams, streetcars, and trolleys have a long history dating back to the early 1800s. It can be separated into numerous distinct periods based on the primary source of motive power.

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Horse-drawn

In 1807, the Swansea and Mumbles Railway began operating the world's first passenger tram service. 1870s, Houston, Texas, United States of America Around 1910, employees of the Adelaide South Australia horse tram at the depot (possibly Unley). As of 2017, the Douglas Bay Horse Tramway in Douglas, Isle of Man, was still in operation. The Swansea and Mumbles Railway in Wales, UK, was the world's first passenger tram. The British Parliament authorized the Mumbles Railway Act in 1804, and the first horse-drawn passenger tramway began running in 1807.It was operated by steam from 1877 to 1961, and then by very large (106-seater) electric tramcars from 1929 until 1961.BirkenheadThe town of Wirral, on the Wirral Peninsula, had become the first in Europe to have a street tramway. When George Francis Train, an American, installed track from Woodside Ferry Birkenhead Park Main Entrance and conducted a horse drawn car service, it was the start of it all. The Corporation of Birkenhead's Birkenhead Corporation Tramways began operating on February 4, 1901, first to New Ferry and thereafter around the town. It was decommissioned on July 17, 1937.In 1832, the first streetcar in America, designed by John Stephenson, commenced service.This was the Fourth Avenue Line of the New York and Harlem Railroad, which operated along the Bowery in New York City. These trams were a type of animal railway, with horses and mules pulling the cars in pairs. Other animals, including people in emergency situations, were only used on rare occasions. According to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, it was followed in 1835 by New Orleans, Louisiana, which has the world's oldest continually running street railway system.In 1839, the first tram in Continental Europe debuted in France, running between Montbrison and Montrond on city streets and along the roadside outside of town. It had steam traction approval, but it was totally powered by horses. It was shut down in 1848 due to continuous financial failures. The tram system grew in popularity in many European cities (some of the most extensive systems were located in Berlin). Budapest Leningrad, Birmingham London Lisbon Manchester Paris The first tram in South America debuted in Santiago, Chile on June 10, 1858. In 1860, Sydney became the first city in Australia to use trams. On January 8, 1863, the first tram service in Africa began in Alexandria. In Batavia (now Jakarta), Netherlands East Indies, the first trams were introduced in 1869. (now Indonesia) Horsecars had a number of drawbacks, including the fact that each animal could only work for a certain number of hours per day, had to be housed, groomed, fed, and cared for on a daily basis, and produced copious amounts of manure, which the streetcar company was responsible for storing and then disposing of. Many systems need ten or more horses in stable for each horsecar because a typical horse drew a streetcar for around a dozen miles per day and worked for four or five hours.

Steam

Around 1900, a German steam tram engine from the Cologne-Bonn railway pulls a train through the Brühl marketplace. Steam was used to power the earliest mechanical trams. There were two types of steam trams in general. The first and most common had a tiny steam locomotive tram engine (akin to a small train) at the head of a line of one or more cars. Christchurch, New Zealand, had a system using steam trams.South Australia is an Australian state.; Sydney, Australia, and other New South Wales city systems Munich, Germany (since August 1883), British India (Pakistan) (from 1885), and Ireland's Dublin & Blessington Steam Tramway (since 1888). In the suburbs of Milan and Padua, steam tramways were also utilized; the last Gamba de Legn ("Peg-Leg") tramway ran on the Milan-Magenta-Castano Primo route in late 1958. [needs citation] The other type of steam tram, known as a tram engine steam dummy, had the steam engine built into the tram's body (US). The most well-known system to use trams was Paris. Between 1909 and 1939, steam trams designed by the French ran in Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.Between 1887 to 1901, the island of Södermalm in Stockholm, Sweden, had a steam tram line.Tram engines were frequently modified to make them suitable for use on city streets in residential areas. For safety and to make the engines quieter, the wheels and other moving portions of the machinery were frequently encased. It was common practice to take precautions to keep the engines from releasing visible smoke or steam. To prevent producing smoke, the engines usually ran on coke rather of coal.To avoid visible steam, superheated condensers were utilized. The limited room for the engine was a key disadvantage of this tram type, which meant that these trams were frequently underpowered. From the 1890s through the 1900s, steam tram engines were phased out and replaced by electric trams.

Cable-hauled

Trams powered by gas, namely naphtha coal gas, were used in a variety of systems around the world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Gas trams are reported to have operated between Alphington Clifton Hill in Melbourne's northern suburbs (1886–1888); Berlin and Dresden, Germany; Jelenia Góra Cieplice Sobieszów, Poland (from 1897); and Lytham St Annes Neath Trafford Park, Manchester (1897–1908).Mr Noble had exhibited a new'motor car' for tramways'successfully,' according to a report from the San Francisco Bulletin. The tramcar, which was "absolutely equivalent in size, shape, and capacity to a cable grip car," used gas as its "motive power," with the reservoir being "charged once a day at power stations via a rubber hose." The automobile also had an electrical generator for 'lighting up the tram as well as driving the engine on steep gradients and starting the motor'.Gas trams have received relatively little attention. However, for an article in the October 2011 edition of "The Times," the historical journal of the Australian Association of Timetable Collectors, now the Australian Timetable Association, study on the subject was conducted. In Malaysia, a tram system powered by compressed natural gas was set to open, but the project's progress appears to have stalled..

National Tram Museum
Trams of various types
History of tramway
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